Zone 10 of the map includes equatorial parts of North America, including Southern California, South Florida, and Hawaii. Plantation zones are divided into thirteen areas, also known as USDA zones, that cover the entire United States, including Hawaii, Alaska, and Puerto Rico. Each agricultural zone covers a range of 10 degrees. Zone 1 is the coldest, with an average minimum winter temperature of -60 to -50 degrees F, while the average minimum winter temperature in zone 13 is 60 to 70 degrees F.
You've probably come across the USDA Plant Resistance Zone Map or references to it in gardening magazines and books, as well as in seed packages or plant catalogs. This map divides the United States into 11 separate zones (each of which is divided into a and b). Each zone is 10°F warmer (or colder) in an average winter than the adjacent zone. The lower the zone number, the colder the region.
Although factors other than temperature affect a plant's ability to survive in a given climate, the USDA map is a good starting point for deciding what to grow, especially if you live in the eastern half of the country. This is because this area is comparatively flat, so the mapping mainly consists of drawing lines approximately parallel to the Gulf Coast every 120 miles approximately as it moves north. The lines slope to the northeast as they approach the east coast. They also delimit the special climates formed by the Great Lakes and the Appalachian mountain ranges.
But in other areas of the country, elevation and rainfall may have a greater effect on plant survival than temperature alone. For annual flowers, such as petunias and vegetables such as zucchini, there is no need to pay attention to hardiness zones because these plants generally complete their life cycle (from germination to seed production) in a single year. You may see that these plants receive a zone rating of 0 to indicate that they are not resistant anywhere. But when it comes to perennials, vines, shrubs, and trees that normally live for many years, you'll want to find out the coldest temperatures a species is expected to survive and compare them to the area in which it's found.
Most gardeners aren't dealing with Zone 1 sub-zero temperatures; only a few parts of Alaska, including cities like Fairbanks, fall into this zone. Even so, Zone 1 plants can withstand some of the coldest conditions, because winter temperatures in this Zone can drop below -50° F. Most plants native to the U.S. UU.
They are within zones 3 to 10; the most resistant plants can support all of these zones. Zone 3 plants can withstand cold temperatures of -40 to -30 °F. The upper Midwest states have most of Zone 3, such as the northern parts of Montana, North Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Maine. Zone 4 plants can withstand minimum cooling temperatures of -30 to -20 °F.
You can find this area in Montana, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin and eastern states such as Northern New York, New Hampshire, and Maine. This zone is another common area for the Midwest and Northeast states, where humidity remains high during summers and winters can reach levels as low as -20 to -10°F. You can find Zone 5 in states such as Colorado, Nebraska, Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and New York. Winters only occasionally hit negative ones in this area.
Plants in Zone 7 can withstand temperatures from 0 to 10 °F. You can find this area in the upper reaches of the west (Washington, Oregon) and down through the top of Texas, Oklahoma and all the way through Virginia and North Carolina. It's pure California dreaming of high and high temperatures that reach this area. These plants can withstand temperatures as low as 20 to 30° F, but they thrive at temperatures of 70 to 90°.
You can find Zone 9 that consumes the California landscape, along with South Texas, Louisiana and Florida. Zone 10 sees some of the highest temperatures in the U.S. Plants in this area can withstand temperatures as low as 30 to 40° F. Tropical plants flourish in Zone 11, which covers Hawaii.
This area enjoys year-round heat and plants can withstand temperatures above 40 to 50° F. There is no frost at all and native plants thrive all year round. A growth zone or, more precisely, a hardiness zone is an area that is defined geographically according to climatic conditions, including minimum temperatures. Gardeners use hardiness zones to know which category of plant is capable of growing in a particular area.
The United States (and all of North America) is divided into 11 zones. Each zone is broadly divided by minimum temperatures in 10 degree increments, starting with Zone 1 with minimum temperatures below -50 degrees Fahrenheit, and moving to Zone 11 with minimum temperatures above 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Here are the 11 zones with minimum temperatures, for example, cities and popular plants resistant to that area. Based on ten-year minimum average winter temperatures, maps of plant hardiness zones have been progressively developed, first by the Department of Agriculture (USDA) for the United States and then applied more or less to the rest of the planet.
The purpose of these hardiness zones is to identify how well plants will withstand the cold winter temperatures of these zones. USDA Resilience Zone Map Divides North America Into 13 Zones. The minimum average temperature range for zone 10 is between 30°F and 40°F or -1.1°C and +4.4°C. If you plan to buy a shrub, perennial, or tree, you need to make sure that this new plant tolerates year-round conditions in your area.
Therefore, to ensure that your new acquisition survives and grows year after year, you'll need to compare your area's hardiness zone to your plant's hardiness zone. Planting native plants, growing annuals, and using creative planting techniques give gardeners a growing advantage. Understanding gardening zones means you can focus your time and attention (not to mention money) on plants with the best chance of surviving winter. Cold average minimum temperatures in Zone 3 limit plant options to those that have adapted to low temperatures.
The history, disadvantages and advantages of hardiness zones are useful for new and experienced gardeners. The gardens in this area have multiple plant options, from seed catalogs, local home stores, nurseries and greenhouses. When it's hot, the plants in your garden will need a lot more water to keep growing and functioning well. Gardener's Supply is thrilled to carry seeds from the San Diego Seed Company, which are ideal for people growing in warmer areas.
The extreme heat of summer breaks the orchard season in winter, spring and fall gardening, versus stereotypical summer gardening. As an extreme example, due to the Gulf Stream, most of the UK is in zones 8-9, while in the U.S. In the US, Zones 8-9 include regions such as the subtropical coastal areas of the southeastern United States and the continental deserts of Mojave and Chihuahua, so an American gardener in that area will only have to plan several nights of cold temperatures a year, while his British counterpart may have to plan several months. Gardening in Zone 10 is a wonderful experience, allowing you to experience the joy of growing plants all year round.
When they purchased plants resistant to Zone 5 or Zone 6, they needed to know which map was cited in the plant information. Typically, a 30 to 50% shade cloth is perfect for orchards, allowing more than half of the available sunlight to pass through, while preventing a significant amount of heat from reaching plants. Despite the attempt to categorize the country into climatic zones and provide gardeners with plants suitable and easy to find for their areas, the resistance map has several drawbacks and problems. With minimum average temperatures between -60 and -50 degrees F, it can be a difficult area for gardening.